Popular Somali musician and member of parliament Saado Ali Warsame has been shot dead by Islamist militants.
She was killed along with her bodyguard in a drive-by shooting in the Somali capital, Mogadishu.
A spokesman for the Islamist al-Shabab group, Abdulaziz Abu Musab, told the BBC that she was targeted for her politics and not her music.
The BBC’s Mohammed Moalimu in Mogadishu says she is the fourth MP to be killed this year.
The al-Qaeda-aligned al-Shabab group advocates the strict Saudi-inspired Wahhabi version of Islam and is battling the UN-backed government to create an Islamic state.
Ms Warsame rose to fame during the time of former President Siad Barre, who was overthrown in 1991, with her songs which were critical of his rule.
She spent much of the civil war in the US and returned home in 2012 to represent her clan in the new Somali parliament.
BBC Somali Service’s Abdullahi Abdi says Ms Warsame will be remembered most for her daring musical career.
She was one of the few Somali female musicians to go on stage without covering her head and she sometimes wore trousers, which is highly unusual for women in Somalia, he says.
Somalia has been a largely lawless state since the fall of Mr Barre, with warlords, religious groups and clans fighting for control of the country.
But since al-Shabab lost control of Mogadishu in 2011, some Somalis in the diaspora have started to return home to start businesses and take up political positions.
The militants have continued to carry out attacks in Mogadishu – and attacked the parliament building and presidential palace this month.
Some 22,000 African Union troops are helping the government to try and win back territory from the group.
They have taken back several key cities over the last three years, but al-Shabab still controls many smaller towns and rural areas of the country where it has imposed Sharia and banned music which it regards as un-Islamic.