Tag Archives: Nigeria

Nigeria – 25 killed despite truce with Boko Haram


Reuters) – At least 25 suspected Boko Haram insurgents were killed in clashes between soldiers and the Islamist militants in northeast Nigeria and five civilians were killed in fighting elsewhere in the region, a military source and residents said on Monday.

A ceasefire agreement between Boko Haram and the Nigerian government was expected to lead to the liberation of more than 200 school girls kidnapped by the militants six months ago, and talks were due to continue in neighbouring Chad on Monday.

Boko Haram has not confirmed the truce and there have been at least six attacks over the weekend — blamed by security sources on the insurgents — that have killed several dozen people since the announcement of the ceasefire.

A government spokesman has said that the fighting on Sunday may be the work of criminal gangs in the lawless region.

An army officer, who requested anonymity, said the militants tried to enter the town of Damboa late on Sunday through Alagarno, a Boko Haram hideout, but soldiers fought them off.

“Our men gunned down 25 of the insurgents because they would have entered Damboa and unleashed more terror on the town that is just picking up from its ruins,” the officer said.

He said an armoured vehicle and some arms were recovered from the insurgents.

Damboa, a garrison town near the border with Cameroon, has been the site of fierce fighting between the militants and Nigerian forces for months. The insurgents sacked the town in July but were driven out by an army counter-offensive.

A member of pro-government Civilian Joint Task Force vigilantes, Mohammed Haruna, said of clashes on Sunday, “Two of our members came to (the town of) Biu this morning from Damboa and said the soldiers engaged Boko Haram yesterday and the battle lasted till about midnight.”

Separately, Maiduguri resident Andrew Tada, said the insurgents killed five people in Gava, a hilly town in Gwoza Local Government Area not far from Damboa.

Tada said his brother in Gava was lucky to have escaped to the top of a mountain.

“My brother is still there now with other relatives, women and children,” he told Reuters after speaking with his brother on the phone.

“They (the militants) came yesterday (Sunday) while people were scouting for food at the foot of the mountain. When the insurgents sighted our people, they pursued them and slaughtered five,” Tada said. Reuters

Nigeria – regional command and battalion to fight Boko Haram


Regional leaders step up Boko Haram fight with troops, command centre

Niamey Wed Oct 8, 2014 

Niamey (Reuters) – Leaders of Niger, Nigeria, Chad and Benin on Tuesday announced plans to step up the fight against Boko Haram with an additional battalion and a command centre to tackle the militants whose insurgency has spread beyond Nigeria, a statement said.

Boko Haram’s violent five-year campaign for an Islamic state has killed thousands and is threatening the stability of countries in the West and Central Africa regions.

In the past two months, it has progressed from bombings, raids and kidnappings to trying to seize territory in remote areas near the Cameroon border, possibly inspired by similar moves by Sunni Islamist militants in Iraq and Syria.

The militants have also carried out incursions into Niger and Chad, and authorities fear the attacks will continue to spread if left unchecked.

The four heads of states and a representative of Cameroon’s president said after meeting in Niger’s capital Niamey that a command centre for an already agreed-upon multinational force, led by a chief of staff will be in place by Nov. 20.

“The heads of state regrets the persistence of Boko Haram Islamic sect’s atrocious acts of terror on people and security forces in Nigeria and other neighbouring countries,” the statement said.

The leaders agreed to finalise the deployment of troops promised by member states to form the multinational force within their national borders by Nov. 1.

Benin, Nigeria’s western neighbour, whose border stretches from the Atlantic to the Sahel north, was also asked to deploy a military battalion to its border with Nigeria.

The Niamey meeting is a follow-up to a May summit in Paris where the leaders promised to improve cooperation in the fight against Boko Haram after the group kidnapped more than 200 schoolgirls and threatened to destabilise the wider region.  Reuters


Nigeria – the many face of Boko Haram’s Shekau

African Arguments

Boko Haram and the many faces of Abubakar Shekau – By Jacob Zenn


On September 24, 2014, Nigerian and Cameroonian sources provided video evidence (6:24) that a Boko Haram commander named Bashir Muhammed, who ‘doubled’ as the group’s leader Abubakar Shekau, was killed in Konduga in Borno State. This prompts the question: Where is the real Shekau? There are several credible theories about Shekau’s whereabouts (and whether he is even still alive) and what the impact of this imposter’s death may be for Nigerian security ahead of its presidential elections in February 2015.

Explaining the Shekaus

It remains possible that the Nigerian security forces were correct when they claimed to have killed Shekau in July 2009 along with 1,000 other Boko Haram members, including founder Muhammed Yusuf and key financier Alhaji Buji Foi. When a heavier-looking Shekau re-emerged in a video in July 2010, the security forces claimed the image was “digitally manipulated.” The Shekau of July 2010, as well subsequent commanders claiming to be him in Boko Haram videos since then, may have been several people (including Bashir Muhammed.) In other words, the real Shekau may have been dead since July 2009 but because, unlike Muhammed Yusuf’s death, this was never proven with video or photographic evidence, Boko Haram was able to ‘duplicate’ him.

Another possibility is that Shekau survived the July 2009 crackdown and appeared alongside several imposters until July 2013, when he was killed in Amchide, Cameroon by defectors from his ranks or the security forces. Since July 2013 several imposters, including Bashir Muhammed, could have appeared as ‘Shekau’. However, UAE-based Nigerian journalist Ahmed Salkida now claims that Shekau is still alive along with one or two other imposters, except, of course, Bashir Muhammed. Future Boko Haram videos will likely provide more insight on whether Shekau is dead or alive or if there is a successor.

A second question that arises is why Boko Haram would decide to feature several Shekaus? One possibility is that this leadership structure was learned or appropriated from Niger Delta militants. Their spokesperson, Jomo Ngomo, represented several commanders who all used the name ‘Jomo Ngomo’ to communicate with the press, so that when one commander was arrested the others could take over under one voice. Similarly, when Boko Haram spokesperson, Abu Qaqa defected and was arrested in 2012, other Abu Qaqas emerged, who were then known as Abu Qaqa II and Abu Qaqa III.

This ‘revolving’ leadership structure may also have been taught to Boko Haram by leaders from its Ansaru faction. Ansaru was led by Nigerian al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) members and targeted foreigners for kidnapping and Nigerian soldiers in northwest Nigeria in 2012 and 2013. In fact, one of the first probable Shekau imposters appeared in a split-screen video of ‘Shekau’ and seven French hostages in Cameroon in what was very likely an Ansaru-led attack. Some Ansaru cells reintegrated with Boko Haram in northeastern Nigeria in 2013 and seem to have multiplied the ‘Shekaus’ in operation.

The existence of several Shekaus has made it more difficult for the security forces to gain the morale boosting victory of ‘decapitating’ Boko Haram’s leadership, while making it also more difficult for foreign governments like the US and UK to confirm the location of Shekau, who is a designated terrorist.

Bashir Muhammed is Dead, What’s Next?

Now that Bashir Muhammed is dead, what are the opportunities for the Nigerian security forces? First and foremost, the death may allow the security forces to exploit Boko Haram’s factionalization and negotiate with its different constituent parts. The existence of multiple Shekaus suggests that there are several Boko Haram factions that have had a mutual understanding with each other. Otherwise, one of the Shekaus would have released a video declaring the others Shekaus as fakes.

This has not happened. It has only been commanders who have fallen out with Shekau who have gone public and said there were fake Shekaus prior to Bashir Muhammed’s death. These commanders tend to favour some form of negotiation with the Nigerian government for the release of Boko Haram prisoners and compensation for the families of victims of the July 2009 clashes. The elimination of Bashir Muhammed may strengthen these commanders, thus providing an opportunity for the government to test negotiations through back channels, probably involving religious leaders.

It also appears that some of Bashir Muhammed’s fighters were disloyal to him and told him that Konduga was safe for travel while secretly setting him up for the ambush that killed him. These fighters may now join another Boko Haram faction, such as Ansaru, which claims to be more ‘humane’ than Boko Haram – criticizing Boko Haram’s killing of Muslim civilians. But if the government and civil society groups act quickly enough they may be able to reintegrate some of these informers into society through educational and employment programs before they consider re-engaging militancy under any faction.

One reason for growing disloyalty in Bashir Muhammed’s faction may be related to forcible recruitment. Under Muhammed Yusuf and during the first year after Shekau declared ‘jihad’ against Nigeria in 2010, Boko Haram had some support from the local population in Borno State. Their followers sympathized with Yusuf’s call for a ‘pure’ Islamic State that he believed would eliminate the corruption, poverty, and impunity of Nigerian society.

In 2010 and 2011 Boko Haram focused mostly on targeting politicians and religious leaders, who some followers viewed as corrupt. But when Boko Haram started massacring civilians and carrying out suicide bombings at churches and markets in 2012, it lost some popular support and in 2013 began forcibly recruiting young men as foot soldiers. Most notoriously, it also began kidnapping women to use as scouts, cooks, porters and sex slaves. These types of forcible recruits may be more likely to leave Boko Haram and offer the sort of intelligence that the security forces need to locate the group’s hideouts and undermine its domestic, regional and international networks.


There have been few points of optimism recently in the Nigerian security landscape. But the death of Bashir Muhammed does present opportunities. The Nigerian government and security forces have precious little time before elections in February 2015 to right the ship in the country (especially Borno State) so polls can be held there. As a result, all efforts should be taken to see whether there are now some factions willing to negotiate a ceasefire and members willing to leave militancy altogether, provide intelligence on Boko Haram to prevent future attacks, and rejoin society through programs that the government and civil society should immediately create.

Jacob Zenn is an analyst of African Affairs and author of “Northern Nigeria’s Boko Haram: The Prize in al-Qaeda’s Africa Strategy,” which was published by The Jamestown Foundation.

Nigeria – Boko Haram beheads pilot of missing plane


Boko Haram beheads pilot of missing plane

 A new footage released by the dreaded Islamist sect, Boko Haram and obtained by AP, showed the beheading of a man believed to be one of the pilots of the Nigerian Air Force jet which went missing and later crashed earlier on September 11 after it left Yola, capital of Adamawa State, for a bombing campaign against the militants.

The video shows a man decked in a camouflage vest kneeling while an axe-wielding fighter stands menacingly next to him before eventually chopping off his head. Moments before the gruesome execution, the victim who spoke in English and identified himself as a wing commander in the Nigerian Air Force, revealed that they were undertaking a mission in the Kauri area of Borno State on September 11 when the plane suddenly crashed to the ground.

“We were shot down and our aircraft crashed. To this day I don’t know the whereabouts of my second pilot,” he said.

Abubakar Shekau, leader of the group who military forces claimed to have killed first in 2009, later 2013 and recently a few days ago, was also seen in the latest video, according to the AP, said the sect had downed about 10 military aircraft so far – a position the Nigerian soldiers openly disagreed with.

Meanwhile, the Defence Headquarters has insisted Shekau is dead.

It said the video showing that the terrorist was alive could have been manipulated.

This claim was obtained from a statement the Defence Headquarters posted on its website on Friday, a day after Shekau released a video claiming that he was still alive.

The Defence Headquarters said there was no proof which indicated that the video was genuine.

It said the Nigerian Airforce jet that the Boko Haram claimed to have shot down had been missing before he was killed. It said that the dead Shekau could not have resurrected.

The Defence Headquarters said, “From immediate observation and what some online news outlets claimed to have seen, the video did not indicate when it was shot neither did it show any proof of life or currency such as screen time or date. The video also did not make any reference to anything that has happened since the impostor’s reported death.

“It is also noteworthy that the air plane said to be mentioned in the video had been missing before he was killed. It should not surprise anybody if the terrorists decide to manipulate pictures, clone another Shekau or upload a pre-recorded video all in a bid to prove invincible.

“As far as we are concerned, the individual who was appearing in video and claiming to be the leader of the terrorist group was killed in the Kondunga battle in September. The resemblance of the corpse and that of the eccentric character was incontrovertible. His identity was equally corroborated by people who knew him before we announced his death.”

Shekau had earlier described as “propaganda” the claim by the Defence Headquarters that he was killed early September in Kodunga, Borno State.

He had claimed in the 36-minute video that Boko Haram fighters shot down the Nigerian Air Force fighter jet which was reported missing three weeks ago.

In the video, Shekau stands in front of three camouflaged vans, flanked by four heavily armed and masked fighters.

He said, “I hereby put to lie the claim that I was killed. Here I am alive. I will only die the day Allah takes my breath. I challenge you (military), I challenge you. You even said I was killed. If you killed me, does that mean you killed (the) religion? You are not honest. You have no proof, you have nothing to say.”

But an Abuja-based security analyst, Mike Adelakun, asked the military to stop feeding Nigerians with lies about the death of the terrorist leader.

Adelakun told Saturday PUNCH that there was no justifiable reason the military should conclude that Shekau had been killed without a thorough investigation and confirmation.

He admitted that the sect could have been using manipulation to deceive the military and the world that its leader had not been killed.

Adelakun said, “It is possible that the sect leader had been killed and the group is now seeking all available means to get attention. For many days now, there have been no activities linked to the deadly group, which could make an average Nigerian believe that Shekau is indeed dead.

“But the military supposed to have investigated properly before giving the public a confirmation that the sect leader is truly indeed. There a number of technologies like imaging techniques and others to confirm such. By now, the Defence Headquarters should be sure of whatever it wants to say before saying it. Otherwise, their respect will be lost.”

The Director, Defence Information, Maj. Gen. Chris Olukolade, assured Nigerians the ongoing counter terrorism operation was yielding the expected results in the operational area.

The Defence Spokesman urged Nigerians not to despair, stressing that the military was committed to the sustenance of the ongoing operation to cripple the activities of the Boko Haram in the country.

He said, “I can assure you that no level or amount of barbaric display of bestial atrocities will distract the Nigerian military from sustaining the tempo of ongoing operations to decimate, degrade and bring the remnants of the terrorists already in disarray to due justice.

“The campaign against terror is still recording the expected result in the front. Nigerians should not despair.”


Nigeria – Boko Haram continues attacks in Adamawa near the border


Boko Haram insurgents have continued their attack on communities in Adamawa State particularly those in Michika Local Government Area, raiding more border villages in the area.

A resident of Garta, one of the villages raided by the sect members who identified himself as Joseph said the insurgents arrived his village around 6pm raiding homes and shops.

He said, “They burnt most of the shops and houses after looting them, as most people had to climb the nearby mountains to save their lives.

“For now I can’t say the number of casualty as we are still in the bush and we learn that they attackers just left the village this morning.”

An unconfirmed report also indicated that the insurgents attacked Kuburshosho village where they burnt the family house of former Governor of the state and current Minister of Youth Development, Mr Boni Haruna.

The insurgents were reported to also attempt entering Kamale village but could not make it due to the River which is currently flooded due to the recent downpour.

No fewer than 10,000 Higgi people of Michika Local Government Area of Adamawa State are now living as refugees in Yola, the state capital and its environs, while Michika and other towns in the local government have become ghost towns.

The people who are now displaced persons in Yola cried out of hunger and called on the federal government to register its presence in the area by ensuring that, the Boko Haram insurgency which has brought woes to the people are completely wiped out to enable them return back to their respective homes.

A pressure group under the banner of Higgi People’s Initiatives Organisation stated that it is necessary for them to cry out so that the whole world will be aware of their plight following the attack of Boko Haram in their land.

Addressing a press conference at the NUJ Press Centre on Friday, the spokesperson of the group Barr David Barau explained that after the wreaking and destruction of their local government which led to the death of thousands while thousands of Higgi people also seek refuge in Yola the state capital and other part of the country.

According to Barrister Barau who was a one-time Deputy Governor of the state, “there are today more than 10,000 Higgi people living as refugees in Yola and its environs, while Michika and all other towns in the Local Government Area have become ghost towns.

The group said up till date there is hardly and Federal Government presence in the area whether in terms of infrastructure or socio-economic institution before Boko Haram insurgency compounded to their woes.

He said, “Without any desire to be prescriptive, we would like to draw attention to a part of the constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria pertinent to our outcry. In chapter 11 section 14 sub 2b of the 1st schedule of the constitution it is clearly stated that the security and welfare of the people shall be the primary purpose of government.”

He pointed out that all internally displaced Higgi people in Yola and its environs are in the homes of relatives or friends.

“But it can be explained by the fact that the Higgi are a Diaspora people and are generally guided by the principle of being their brother’s keeper. Thus, it is common to find one home hosting 60-100 people in Yola today. Needless to add that both the refugees and their hosts are in very unpleasant and difficult conditions,to put it mildly.”

The former Deputy Governor noted that, “it is obvious that the Nigerian Government has failed the people of Higgi in this respect since the Boko Haram insurgents have driven the people from their land and disrupted their security and welfare in the past four weeks and occupied their land with no end of sight to their occupation.”

He commented that it is in the light of this that the Higgi People’s Initiative, an umbrella organisation of all Higgi Sons and Daughters, hereby cry out to government, philanthropists, NGOs and well meaning individuals to come to the rescue of displaced Higgi people in Adamawa State.  Punch

Nigerian civil rights head blames past northern presidents and Jonathan for violence in north



President of the Civil Rights Congress of Nigeria, Mallam Shehu Sani

The President, Civil Rights Congress of Nigeria, Mallam Shehu Sani, has said that 70 per cent of problems bedeviling the North are caused by ex-presidents and leaders of northern extraction.

The remaining 30 per cent, Sani said, should be attributed to President Goodluck Jonathan’s administration’s sectional leadership and neglect of the North.

The CRCN boss described as a “waste” the number of years ex-heads of state and presidents of northern extraction had piloted the affairs of Nigeria.

He argued that they had not only failed to empower the region but ruined it educationally, socially as well as economically.

He said the past leaders such as Gen. Yakubu Gowon, Shehu Shagari, Generals Muhammadu Buhari, Ibrahim Babangida, the late Sani Abacha, Abdulsalami Abubakar, as well as the late Umaru Yar’Adua, all from the region only left behind trails of poverty, discords among the people of diverse faiths and ethnicity rather than development.

Sani, who is aspiring for the seat of the Kaduna Central Senatorial District on the platform of the All Progressives Congress, argued that President Jonathan only compounded the woes of the region while past leaders of the North simply left a region whose future was in doubt.

The activist said this while addressing sacked and unpaid workers of textile industries in the North who gathered on the premises of the Kaduna Textile Limited, in Kaduna State on Saturday.

He added that the President only empowered the people of the South-South on the detriment of other citizens of the country.

He said, “70 per cent of the North is destroyed by northern leaders and 30 per cent is being destroyed by Jonathan. We must take the blame and must tell ourselves the truth. Northern leaders had the opportunity to industrialise, to educate and to uplift the social standard of the region but they left behind a trail of poverty, of discord among people of diverse faiths and ethnic affinities.

“They left behind a region backward educationally and industrially. They left behind a region whose future is in doubt. For over three decades when northerners were in power they used the opportunity to empower traditional rulers and some religious leaders as well as making the rich, richer and pauperised the common man.

“They were not able to do what Jonathan is doing by empowering the young and the Niger Delta militants who are being enriched today. It was a wasted opportunity which I believe should serve as a lesson next time when power is back to the region.”

While condemning the insurgency in the North, Sani noted that the only way out of the current challenges in the region was for its leaders to embark on rapid revival of its industries, agricultural sector as well as to harness the resources of the region, rather than over-depending on federal allocations.

He said, “I must at this junction condemn the ongoing violence in northern part of the country. This act of terror and the discord between the Muslims and Christians and the backwardness of the region must stop.

“We are concern that the northern part of Nigeria is today becoming a theatre of violence and mindless killings. If there are functional industries, educational system and leadership, the North could not have been where it is today.”

Earlier in his address, the General Secretary of the Coalition of Closed and Unpaid Textile Workers Association, Kaduna State, Mr. Ishar Iorngulum, had said the workers had decided to queue behind the candidature of Sani to become the next senator representing the Kaduna Central Senatorial District at the National Assembly in 2015.

He also said that they would mobilize their colleagues in other parts of the North to vote against some leaders in the region in the 2015 general elections.

Iorngulum, “It is the irresponsibility of the northern governors that led to the collapse of the textile industries in the North so we will vote against them in 2015 elections.”


Nigeria – escaped Chibok girl pregnant

The rather tacky and contradictory reports about the Chibok schoolgirls continue to feature in Nigerian newspapers as the government proves unable to rescue the girls or cope with Boko Haram. KS

Daily Trust/allAfrica

Nigeria: Abandoned Chibok Girl Four Months Pregnant

Photo: Naijagists/Facebook

A young woman (file photo).

One of the abducted Chibok schoolgirls apparently abandoned by her captors and found by villagers on Wednesday is four months pregnant, Daily Trust learnt yesterday.

The girl of about 20 was found after she was dumped at an unidentified location from where she trekked for three days to a village near Mararaban Mubi, in Hong Local Government Area of Adamawa State, according to a police source.

Villagers took her to a police station at Mararaban Mubi, where she told officers that she was among the over 200 girls abducted from Government Secondary School Chibok, Borno State, on April 14.

From there she was moved to the state capital, and first received treatment at the Police Clinic in Yola before she was moved elsewhere, police sources told Daily Trust.

Leader of the Chibok Elders Forum, Dr. Pogu Bitrus, told Daily Trust in Abuja that preliminary medical examination has revealed the girl is four months pregnant.

A police officer working at the Mararaban Mubi station said when the girl was brought in, she was asked questions and she narrated to the police her experience in Boko Haram captivity.

He said the girl gave her name as Suzanna Ishaya, but Daily Trust could not find this name among the 180 names of the kidnapped Chibok schoolgirls released by a Christian cleric on May 3, nearly three weeks after the abduction. But there is ‘Suzana Yakubu’ on that list.

Also, photos and names of the schoolgirls published mid-June do not contain the name ‘Suzana Ishaya.’

Daily Trust learnt that the abandoned girl told the Mararaban Mubi police the schoolgirls were held at the Sambisa Forest in Borno State, where each of them live in a separate hut with one of the militants.

The girls do not get see each other, and so none of them was sure about the condition of their colleagues, she said.

She also said they suffered abuse in the hands of their captors. The girl told the police she missed her menstrual period four months ago, meaning she is likely to be pregnant for as many months.

Five days ago, the girl said, she was asked to enter a Starlet car along with three other abducted girls. They were then driven to an unknown location where she alone was dumped and told that she was free to go. The other girls were driven away.

It was from there that she trekked for three days until she reached that village near Mararaban Mubi.

The police authorities in Abuja yesterday confirmed that one of the kidnapped Chibok schoolgirls had resurfaced in Adamawa State on Wednesday.

Spokesman for the Police Force Headquarters, Mr Emmanuel Ojokwu, told journalists in Abuja that the girl is now receiving medical attention.

Ojukwu, who was responding to questions at the National Information Centre, said the girl, 20, was abandoned at Mararaban Mubi by suspected Boko Haram members.

“Yes, I can confirm that on September 24, at about 5 pm, one young girl, about 20, among those abducted by the bad elements was dropped at Mararaban Mubi by suspected terrorists,” he said.

“She has been picked by the police and is undergoing treatment right now. Her condition is stable so far and she is getting the best medical attention available.”

When asked if there was any proof that the girl was one of the Chibok girls, Ojukwu said available information showed that “she is one of them.” He, however, declined to reveal her name on the ground of security.

Speaking to Daily Trust yesterday, leader of the Chibok Elders Forum, Dr. Bitrus, said the girl was abandoned around the headquarters of the Ekilisiyar ‘Yanuwa a Nigeria (EYC) church in Mubi, Adamawa State.

He said she is now being treated at a clinic in Adamawa State and that preliminary examination has revealed that she is four months pregnant.

He said the released girl was incoherent as a result of an apparent mental illness which makes it difficult to establish her full identity.

Bitrus said the man she said was her father, a carpenter of Chadian origin residing in Chibok, has said she is not his daughter.

He lamented that the traumatic condition the girl was found in is an indication of the condition of the others still in captivity.

“We have asked that her picture be emailed to us to enable us compare with the records we have in order to know her true identity,” he said.

Chairman of Chibok Community in Abuja, Tsambido Hosea Abana, who spoke to Daily Trust by telephone yesterday, also said the girl was among the abducted Chibok female students.

He said she is suffering from trauma and there are signs of physical abuse on her, saying he believed the insurgents subjected their captives to horrible physical and sexual abuse.

“Suzana is actually one of our daughters abducted from Government Girls Secondary School in Chibok. She was found where her abductors dumped her and was later taken to Yola. The girl is four months pregnant,” he said.

“Evidently the girl was subjected to serious abuse. There are bruises on her body while she is suffering from psychological trauma.”

He urged the Federal Government to step up efforts towards freeing the girls who are still in captivity, as well as bringing the abductors to face justice.

In Yola, the Adamawa Police Public Relations Officer, Mr Michael Haa, declined comment when contacted yesterday, saying the military is in charge of security in the state.

Army spokesman in Yola, Captain Jafaru Nuhu, could not be reached by telephone.  allAfrica